Prof. Peter L. Patrick
Language & Linguistics
University of Essex
Wivenhoe Park
Essex, UK
+44 (0) 1206 872088

Prof. Monika Schmid Language & Linguistics University of Essex & University of Groningen
+44 (0) 1206 872089  

Dr. Karin Zwaan
Centre for Migration Law Radboud University Nijmegen P.O. Box 9049
6500KK Nijmegen
the Netherlands
+31 24 361.2934



winds of the world map

This page presents links to a range of organisations, agencies and bureaux involved in the practice of refugee status determination (RSD), or the advising of refugees or practitioners.

Links generally reside in the abbreviations below. Linking from this webpage does not imply any endorsement by LARG. The links are organised according to the following categories:


Asylum- & Refugee-related Organisations

  • Asylum Aid (UK)

  • DRC - Danish Refugee Council

  • ECRE - European Council on Refugees & Exiles

    • ELENA - European Legal Network on Asylum

  • IASUK - Immigration Advisory Service (UK)

  • ILPA - Immigration Law Practitioners' Association (UK)

  • UNHCR - United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees


Government Agencies

All of the following governments, and more, have used LADO in some form in processing asylum seekers, either via an internal bureau, exchanges with other governments, or via commercial services, or a combination. It is usually not easy to find information about their use of LADO on their websites, however...

  • Australia - DIC - Dept. of Immigration & Citizenship

  • Canada - IRB/CISR - Immigration & Refugee Board

  • Germany - BMF - Bundesamt für Migration und Flüchtlinge

  • Ireland - INIS - Irish Naturalisation & Immigration Service

  • Netherlands - IND - Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst

  • Bureau Land en Taal (LADO unit)


Commercial Agencies


Research & Documentation Centres

  • ACCORD - Austrian Centre for Country of Origin & Asylum Research & Documentation

  • CIREC - Country Information & Research Centre (Sui)

  • CORI - Country of Origin Research & Information (UK)

  • UNHCR RefWorld - Refugee decision support