Prof. Peter L. Patrick
Language & Linguistics
University of Essex
Wivenhoe Park
Essex, UK
+44 (0) 1206 872088

Prof. Monika Schmid Language & Linguistics University of Essex & University of Groningen
+44 (0) 1206 872089  

Dr. Karin Zwaan
Centre for Migration Law Radboud University Nijmegen P.O. Box 9049
6500KK Nijmegen
the Netherlands
+31 24 361.2934


Enam Al-Wer

Enam Al-Wer photoExpertise:

  • Sociolinguistics - Arabic Dialectology - LADO Practitioner


  • BA English & German (Jordan)

  • MA Linguistics (Manchester)

  • PhD Linguistics (Essex)

Dr. Enam Al-Wer is Senior Lecturer in Linguistics at the University of Essex. She is the author of Sociolinguistics (Hodder 2011), and co-editor of Arabic in the City (Routledge 2007) and Arabic dialectology (Brill 2009), in addition to many articles on topics in historical sociolinguistics, variation and change, dialect contact and new dialect formation. Her specialist area of research in sociolinguistics focuses on modern Arabic dialects especially Levantine Arabic.

Outside academia, she is an activist for NGO projects in the Middle East targeting the "less Privileged". She has been involved in LADO for ten years as Expert Analyst and Advisor for state departments in Europe. She has been involved in LADO discussions and panels, and participated in the 2010 ESF Workshop at NIAS. In her capacity as a member of the Association Internationale de Dialectologie Arabe (AIDA) she has contributed to the endorsement of the Guidelines by AIDA.

Enam Al-Wer's webpage


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Related Publications

2011 fc. Understanding Sociolinguistics. Hodder.

2009. (with Rudolf De Jong.) Arabic dialectology. Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics. Leiden: Brill.

2007. (Editor with Catherine Miller, Dominique Caubet, Janet C.E. Watson.) Arabic in the City: Issues in Dialect Contact and Language Variation. Routledge.

2007. The formation of the dialect of Amman: from chaos to order. In C. Miller, D. Caubet, J. Watson & E. Al-Wer (eds), Arabic in the City: Issues in Dialect Contact and Language Variation, 55-76. London: Routledge-Curzon.

2005. Variation in Arabic. In The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics (ms 1527). Oxford: Elsevier.

2005. Jordan (Language situation). In The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Oxford: Elsevier.

2005. Amman Arabic. In Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics (lemma 2,04, central articles). Leiden: Brill.

2003. Variability reproduced: A variationist view of the Daad/Dhaa opposition in modern Arabic dialects. In K. Versteegh, M. Haak & R. de Jong (eds) 2003, Approaches to Arabic Dialectology, 21-31. Amsterdam: Brill Academic Publishers.

2002. Jordanian and Palestinian dialects in contact: Vowel raising in Amman. In Mari Jones & Edith Esch (eds.), Language Change. The interplay of internal, external and Extra-linguistic factors, 63-79. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

2002. Education as a speaker variable. In Aleya Rouchdy (ed.), Language Contact and Language Conflict in Arabic. Variations on a sociolinguistic theme, 41-53. London: Routledge-Curzon.

1997. Arabic between reality and ideology. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 7:2, 251-265.