Report of the Conference on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights in Acute Crisis

Conference on The Promotion and Protection of Human Rights in Acute Crisis

London, 11-13 February 1998

Edited by
Co-Directors: Dr Mukesh Kapila (DFID) and
Professor Nigel S Rodley (University of Essex)
Rapporteurs: Professor Kevin Boyle (University of Essex)
and Ms Aisling Reidy (University of Essex)

Report links: website home page
Table of Contents - Search - Introduction - Recommendations - Opening Address - Papers Presented - Acknowledgements - Appendices
Appendices: section links...
Appendix A: List of Participants - Appendix B: Agenda - Appendix C: Biographies

Appendix C: Biographies

MR DAVID BASSIOUNI is Chief, Interagency Support Branch Department of Humanitarian Affairs United Nations, Geneva. From 1993 -1997 he was senior policy adviser at UNICEF in the office of Emergency Programmes, and was UNICEF’s representative in Somalia before becoming UN Co-ordinator for Humanitarian Assistance for Somalia from March to December 1992. He holds degrees from Khartoum University and Harvard, and was a Senior Parvin Fellow, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University.

PROFESSOR KEVIN BOYLE is Professor of Law and director of the Human Rights Centre, University of Essex. From 1986-89 he was director of the NGO Article 19. He has undertaken missions for Amnesty International, including to Somalia. He has written widely on human rights themes and on the Northern Ireland conflict. He is a barrister with extensive experience of pleading cases before the European Commission and Court of Human Rights and is co-counsel in a series of cases before the European Commission and Court of Human Rights arising from the conflict in south-east Turkey. He is Chair of the Development Education Commission, a non-governmental body inquiring into development and human rights education in Britain and Ireland.

PROFESSOR GEOFF GILBERT is Professor of Law in the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex. He researches and publishes in the fields of refugee law, international criminal law, and minority rights. He has been used as an expert by the Council of Europe on missions to Russia.

PROFESSOR TOM HADDEN is Professor of Law ( part time) at Queens University Belfast. He is also a member of the Centre for International and Comparative Human Rights Law, based in the School of Law. Tom Hadden has written extensively on the conflict in Northern Ireland, including Northern Ireland; the Choice, 1995 (with Kevin Boyle). He has been a member of the Northern Ireland Standing Advisory Commission on Human Rights and is a regular consultant to the Commission. He is also an expert on the international law on emergencies and director of a database project based at Queens University on states of emergency in the world, supported by the Economic and Social Research Council. He is currently working with support from the European Commission on the development of a European Human rights internet site (EHRIS).

PROFESSOR FRANCOISE J HAMPSON is Professor of Law at the University of Essex and currently Dean of the Law School. She has taught at JSDC, Camberley, the International Institute of Humanitarian Law and the Turku/Abo advanced course on human rights law. She teaches on seminars for UNHCR delegates in the field. She is one of the ICRC’s group of experts for the study on customary law. She represented Oxfam and SCF (UK) at some of the preparatory meetings for the revised landmine protocol. She is currently involved in a series of cases arising out of the situation in South- East Turkey before the European Commission and Court of Human Rights, some of which involve military operations. Her fact-finding experience includes Afghanistan, Turkey and three visits to the former Yugoslavia. Her publications are in the fields of international law of armed conflicts and human rights law.

MS KATE MACKINTOSH is an English lawyer, who spent one year with the UN Human Rights Field Operation in Rwanda followed by an LL.M in International Human Rights Law, University of Essex. She is currently working at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.

MR IAN MARTIN is a Fellow of the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex. He was Secretary General of Amnesty International 1986-92, and Head of the Asia Region of its Research Department 1985-86. From April to December 1993, and again from December 1994 to July 1995, he worked for the United Nations as Director for Human Rights of the UN/OAS International Civilian Mission in Haiti. From October 1995 to September 1996 he was Chief of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Field Operation in Rwanda. Since then, he has undertaken consultancies for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Department of Peace-keeping Operations on the UN's human rights field presences in Angola; Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; and Rwanda.

MR NICHOLAS MORRIS has been a staff member of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) since 1973, and has been Director of the Division of Operational Support at UNHCR Headquarters since 1995. Between 1973 and 1980, he had field assignments in Asia, Europe and Africa (as UNHCR Chief of Mission in Southern Rhodesia for the implementation of the Lancaster House agreement), and served at UNHCR Headquarters. From 1980 until late 1983 he was Chief of the UNHCR Emergency Unit, then UNHCR Representative in the Sudan until 1986, and thereafter Deputy Head of the Africa Bureau at UNHCR Headquarters until the end of 1990. From April to July 1991 he was the Special Envoy of the High Commissioner for the Gulf emergency, then UNHCR Chief of Mission in Pakistan and Special Envoy for the repatriation of Afghan refugees until May 1993. From June 1993 until the end of 1994, he was the UNHCR Special Envoy for the former Yugoslavia

PROFESSOR NIGEL S RODLEY obtained an LLB from the University of Leeds, an LLM from Columbia University an LLM from New York University and a PhD from the University of Essex. He was appointed Assistant Professor of Law at Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. In 1968-69 he served as an Associate Economic Affairs Officer at United Nations Headquarters in New York, working on legal and institutional aspects of international economic co-operation. From 1969 to 1972, he was Visiting Lecturer in Political Science at the Graduate Faculty of the New School of Social Research (New York City) and, from 1970 to 1972, was also a Research Fellow at the New York University Center for International Studies. Between 1973 and 1990, he became the first Legal Adviser of the International Secretariat of Amnesty International and taught Public International Law at the London School of Economics and Political Science where he spent a year as an Academic Visitor. In 1990, he was appointed Reader in Law at the University of Essex and Professor of Law in 1994. He was Dean of the School of Law from 1992-1995. In March 1993, he was designated Special Rapporteur on Torture by the UN Commission on Human Rights, his first mission which in 1994 permitted him to observe at first hand the work of UNAMIR. He is the author of The Treatment of Prisoners under International Law (Clarendon Press/Unesco 1987); and he edited and contributed to Loose the Bands of Wickedness - International Intervention in Defence of Human Rights (Brassey’s 1992).

MS EMMA SHITAKHA has been since 1996, Political Affairs Officer at the Europe and Latin America Division of the Department of Peace Keeping Operations, United Nations Headquarters, New York. Formerly a member of the Kenyan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development, she served as First Secretary to the country’s Permanent Mission to the United Nations (1988-1993). In 1993, she has seconded to UNPROFOR in the former Yugoslavia where she served until 1995.

MR CARLO VON FLUE is a Swiss national born in 1951. He joined the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 1983 and has had experience as a field delegate, mainly in the Middle East (Lebanon, Occupied Territories, Yeman, Iraq, Iran, etc). Afterwards, he held various positions and was head of delegation (Jordan, Southern Sudan operations and former Yugoslavia). He was assigned at the ICRC Asia Department for a couple of years and is presently with the Division of International Organisations, which deals with the multilateral relationship of the ICRC with, among others, the United Nations agencies, the regional organisations, the IGOs and Parliamentary groups. M. von Flüe deals in particular with the Non-Governmental Organisations.

LT COLONEL PHILIP WILKINSON, MBE was commissioned from the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst into the Royal Artillery in 1969. He served with 3 Commando and 16 Parachute Brigades prior to Special Forces and commanded 27 Field Regiment in 24 Airmobile Brigade. He has 8 years operational experience in the Far East, Middle East and Europe. For the last 5 years he has been responsible for the development of the UK’s military doctrine for Peace Support Operations. He was one of the authors of the Army manual Wider Peacekeeping, and is the principal author of the new FCO endorsed, tri-service manual Peace Support Operations. He was also the principal author of NATO’s new doctrine for Peace Support Operations, which was endorsed by the Military Committee, 21 October 1997. Lt Colonel Wilkinson is a ‘Visiting Fellow’ at the Centre for Defence Studies at Kings College, London and has had a number of papers published in academic journals.


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Appendices: section links...
Appendix A: List of Participants - Appendix B: Agenda - Appendix C: Biographies
Report links: website home page
Table of Contents - Search - Introduction - Recommendations - Opening Address - Papers Presented - Acknowledgements  - Appendices
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