Students Staff

Referencing guides

  • The APA style

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    The APA Style was developed by the American Psychological Association and is a system widely used in the social sciences.

  • The Chicago style

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    The Chicago Style was developed by the Chicago Press and is a system used across the humanities.

  • The IEEE style

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    The IEEE system is used in papers published by the institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers and is widely used in the fields of computer science, software development and information technology.

  • The MLA style

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    The MLA system was developed by the Modern Language Association and is used mostly in the humanities.

  • The OSCOLA style

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    OSCOLA is short for 'Oxford University standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities' and is used by Law schools across the UK.

  • The Vancouver style

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    The Vancouver style was established in Canada by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editions (CMJE).It is commonly used in medicine and science research.

Referencing advice

Please visit the TDC Helpdesk in the Silberrad Student Centre, or email tdc-helpdesk@essex.ac.uk for further advice.