Reporting Killings as Human Rights Violations Handbook

Reporting Killings as Human Rights Violations Handbook

How to document and respond to potential violations of the right to life within the international system for the protection of human rights

By Kate Thompson and Camille Giffard

Handbook links: website home page
Table of Contents - Search - Part I: Essential Reading - Part II: Identifying a Potential Violation - Part III: How to Document Allegations of Unlawful Killings - Part IV: Responding to the Information Collected - Part V: Where can you Seek Further Help? - Appendices
Appendices: section links...
1. List of Relevant Instruments - 2. Contact Details and Obtaining Further Information - 3. Standard Application Forms - 4. International Law: Texts - 5. Body Diagrams

2. APPENDIX II - CONTACT DETAILS AND OBTAINING FURTHER INFORMATION

On this page:

CONTACT DETAILS:

INTERNATIONAL MECHANISMS:

AFRICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES' RIGHTS:

Kairaba Avenue, P.O. Box 673
Banjul, The Gambia
Telephone: +220-392962
Fax: +220-390764
E-mail: achpr@achpr.gm

AFRICAN COMMITTEE ON THE WELFARE AND RIGHTS OF THE CHILD:

Kairaba Avenue, P.O. Box 673
Banjul, The Gambia
Telephone: +220-392962
Fax: +220-390764
E-mail: achpr@achpr.gm

COMMITTEE AGAINST TORTURE:

OHCHR-UNOG
CH 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-917 9000
Fax: +41-22-917 9011
E-mail: webadmin.hchr@unog.ch
http://www.unhchr.ch/

COMMITTEE FOR THE ELIMINATION OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION:

OHCHR-UNOG
CH 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-917 9000
Fax: +41-22-917 9011
E-mail: webadmin.hchr@unog.ch
http://www.unhchr.ch/

COMMITTEE ON THE ELIMINATION OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN:

United Nations - Division for the Advancement of Women
2 UN Plaza, DC2-12th Floor
New York, NY 10017,USA
Telephone: + 1 212 963 3000
Fax +1-212-963-3463
E-mail:daw@un.org
http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/

COMMITTEE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD:

OHCHR-UNOG
CH 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-917 9000
Fax: +41-22-917 9011
E-mail: webadmin.hchr@unog.ch
http://www.unhchr.ch/

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF TORTURE:

Council of Europe
F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex
France
E-mail: HumanRights.Info@coe.int
Telephone: +33-3-88 41 20 24
Fax: +33-3-88 41 27 04
http://www.cpt.coe.int/

EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS:

European Court of Human Rights
Council of Europe
F - 67075 Strasbourg-Cedex
France
Telephone: +33-3-88 41 20 18
Fax: +33-3-88 41 27 30
http://www.echr.coe.int/

HUMAN RIGHTS COMMITTEE:

OHCHR-UNOG
CH 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-917 9000
Fax: +41-22-917 9011
E-mail: webadmin.hchr@unog.ch
http://www.unhchr.ch/

INTER-AMERICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS:

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
1889 F St., NW, Washington, D.C., USA 20006.
Telephone: +1-202-458 6002
Fax: +1-202-458 3992.
E-mail: cidhoea@oas.org
http://www.cidh.oas.org/

INTER-AMERICAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS:

Inter-American Court of Human Rights
Apdo 6906-1000
San José, Costa Rica
Telephone: + 506-234 0581 or +506-225 3333
Fax: +506-234 0584
E-mail: corteidh@sol.racsa.co.cr
http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/iachr/iachr.html

OFFICE OF THE UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:

OHCHR-UNOG
CH 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-917 9000
Fax: +41-22-917 0099
E-mail: webadmin.hchr@unog.ch
http://www.unhchr.ch/
(includes details of all OHCHR field presences and the texts of many international human rights instruments)

SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTRA-JUDICIAL EXECUTIONS IN AFRICA:

Kairaba Avenue, P.O. Box 673
Banjul, The Gambia
Telephone: +220-392962
Fax: +220-390764
E-mail: achpr@achpr.gm

UN SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON EXTRA-JUDICIAL, SUMMARY AND ARBITRARY EXECUTIONS (& ALL OTHER THEMATIC AND COUNTRY MECHANISMS):

OHCHR-UNOG
CH 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-917 9000
Fax: +41-22-917 9006
E-mail: webadmin.hchr@unog.ch
http://www.unhchr.ch/

1503 PROCEDURE:

OHCHR-UNOG
CH 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-917 9000
Fax: +41-22-917 9011
E-mail: webadmin.hchr@unog.ch
http://www.unhchr.ch/

FURTHER SOURCES OF HELP:

Inter-Governmental Specialised Agencies:

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION:

International Labour Standards and Human Rights Department (NORMES)
4 route de Morillons
CH-1211 Geneva 22
Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-799 7126
Fax: +41-22-799 6926
E-mail: infleg@ilo.org
http://www.ilo.org/

OFFICE FOR DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS:

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
Aleje Ujazdowskie 19
00-557 Warsaw
Poland
Telephone: +48-22-520 06 00
Fax: +48-22-520 06 05
E-mail: office@odihr.osce.waw.pl
http://www.osce.org/odihr/ (includes current details of field operations)

UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (UNDP):

1 UN Plaza
New York NY 10017
United States
http://www.undp.org (this site provides access to many UNDP field offices throughout the world)

UN HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR REFUGEES:

C.P. 2500,
1211 Geneva 2,
Switzerland
http://www.unhcr.ch/ (Includes link to email contacts and details of all UNHCR field operations)

UNICEF:

UNICEF House
3 United Nations Plaza
New York, New York 10017
U.S.A.
Telephone: +1-212-326 7000
Fax: +1-212-887 7465
http://www.unicef.org/

International Humanitarian Organisation:

INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS:

19 Avenue de la Paix
CH 1202 Geneva
Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-734 60 01
Fax: +41-22-733 20 57 (Public Information Centre)
E-mail: webmaster.gva@icrc.org
http://www.icrc.org/

International NGOs:

'Umbrella Organisations':

ASSOCIATION POUR LA PRÉVENTION DE LA TORTURE (APT):

Route de Ferney 10
Case postale 2267
CH-1211 Geneva 2
Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-734 2088
Fax: +41-22-734 5649
E-mail: apt@apt.ch
http://www.apt.ch/ (includes copies of many of their reports and studies)

FEDERATION INTERNATIONALE DES LIGUES DES DROITS DE L'HOMME (FIDH):

17 Passage de la Main d'Or
75011 Paris, FRANCE
Telephone : +33-1-43 55 25 18
Fax : +33-1-43 55 18 80
E-mail : fidh@csi.com
http://www.fidh.imaginet.fr/

WORLD ORGANISATION AGAINST TORTURE/ORGANISATION MONDIALE CONTRE LA TORTURE (OMCT):

International Secretariat
Case Postale 21 - 8, Rue du Vieux-Billard
1211 - Geneva 8
Switzerland
Telephone: + 41-22-809-49-39
Fax: + 41-22-809-49-29
Email: omct@omct.org
http://www.omct.org/

Other International NGOs:

L'ACTION DES CHRÉTIENS POUR L'ABOLITION DE LA TORTURE ET DES EXÉCUTIONS CAPITALES (ACAT):

7 rue Georges Lardennois
75019 Paris
Telephone: +33 -1-40 40 42 43
Fax : +33 -1-40 40 42 44
E-mail: acat.france@acat.asso.fr
http://www.acat.asso.fr/

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL (AI):

International Secretariat
1 Easton St
London
WC1X 8DJ
UK
Telephone: +44-171-413 5500
Fax: +44-171-956 1157
E-mail: amnestyis@amnesty.org
http://www.amnesty.org/ (the starting point for access to all AI reports and press releases, as well as contact details for national branches)

CEJIL:
1630 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 555
Washington D.C. 20009 - 1053, U.S.A.
Telephone + 1 202 319- 3000
Fax + 1 202 319-3019
E-mail: cejil@igc.apc.org
http://www.cejil.org/
For information about the Inter-American system.

CENTER FOR SUSTAINABLE HUMAN RIGHTS ACTION:

122 West 27th Street,
10th Floor New York, NY 10001
USA
Telephone: + 1212-691-8020
Fax: + 1253-390-0781
E-mail: ceshra@ceshra.org
http://www.ceshra.org

FIACAT:
Fédération Internationale de l'ACAT
27 rue de Maubeuge
75009 PARIS
France
Telephone : +33-1-42 80 01 60
Fax : +33-1-42 80 20 89
E-mail : Fi.Acat@wanadoo.fr

HUMAN RIGHTS INTERNET (HRI):

8 York Street, Suite 302
Ottawa, Ontario
K1N 5S6 Canada
Telephone: +1-613-789 7407
Fax: +1-613-789 7414
E-mail: hri@hri.ca
http://www.hri.ca/

HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH (HRW):

350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor
New York, NY
10118-3299 USA
Telephone: +1-212-290 4700
Fax: +1-212-736 1300
E-mail: hrwnyc@hrw.org
http://www.hrw.org/

INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION OF JURISTS - CENTRE FOR THE INDEPENDENCE OF JUDGES AND LAWYERS (ICJ):

P.O. Box 216,
81A Avenue de Châtelaine,
1219 Geneva, Switzerland.
Telephone: +4122 979-3800
Fax: +4122 979-38-01
E-mail: info@icj.org
http://www.icj.org/

INTERNATIONAL HELSINKI FEDERATION FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:

Rummelhardtg. 2/18
A-1090 Vienna, AUSTRIA
Telephone: +43-1-408 88 22
Fax: +43-1-408 88 22-50
E-mail: office@ihf-hr.org
http://www.ihf-hr.org/

INTER-AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF HUMAN RIGHTS:

A.P. 10.081-1000
San José, Costa Rica
Tel.: +506-234 0404
Fax: +506-234 0955
E-mail: instituto@iidh.ed.cr
http://www.iidh.ed.cr/

INTERNATIONAL SERVICE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS:
(provides information and assistance to NGOs wishing to use the UN system)

1 Rue de Varembé
P.O. Box 16
Ch-1211 Geneva CIC
Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-733 5123
Fax: +41-22-733 0826

PENAL REFORM INTERNATIONAL:

Unit 114, The Chandlery
50 Westminster Bridge Rd
London SE1 7QY,
United Kingdom
Telephone: +44-171-721 7678
Fax: +44-171-721 8785
E-mail: Headofsecretariat@pri.org.uk
http://www.penalreform.org (includes details of regional offices)

PHYSICIANS FOR HUMAN RIGHTS (PHR):

100 Boylston St.
Suite 702
Boston, MA 02116
United States
Telephone: +1-617-695 0041
Fax: +1-617-695 0307
E-mail: phrusa@igc.apc.org
http://www.phrusa.org/

Victim and witness support:

ASSOCIATION FOR THE VICTIMS OF REPRESSION IN EXILE:

AVRE
125, re d.Avron
75020 Paris, FRANCE
Telephone: + 43 72 0777
Fax: + 43 72 21 87
E-mail contact@avre.org
http://www.avre.org/

INTERNATIONAL REHABILITATION COUNCIL FOR TORTURE VICTIMS (IRCT):

P.O. Box 2107
DK-1014 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Telephone: +45-33-76 06 00
Fax: +45-33-76 05 00
E-mail: irct@irct.org
http://www.irct.org

Professional Organisations:

INTERNATIONAL BAR ASSOCIATION (IBA):

271 Regent Street,
London,W1B 2AQ,
England
Telephone: +44 (0)20 7629 1206
Fax: +44 (0)20 7409 0456
http://www.ibanet.org

INTER-PARLIAMENTARY UNION (IPU):

C.P. 438
1211 GENEVA 19
Switzerland
Telephone: +41-22-919 41 50
Fax: +41-22-733 31 41, +41-22-919 41 60
E-mail: postbox@mail.ipu.org
http://www.ipu.org/

LAWYERS COMMITTEE FOR HUMAN RIGHTS (LCHR):

333 Seventh Avenue, 13th Floor
New York, NY 10001
United States
Telephone: +1-212-845 5200
Fax: +1-212-845 5299
E-mail: lchrbin@lchr.org
http://www.lchr.org/

WORLD MEDICAL ASSOCIATION (WMA):

PO Box 63
01212 Ferney-Voltaire Cedex
France
Telephone: +33-4-50 40 75 75
Fax: +33-4-50 40 59 37
E-mail: info@wma.net
http://www.wma.net/

-

OBTAINING FURTHER INFORMATION:

The easiest way to find most of these instruments is if you have access to the Internet. Instruments can usually be found via the home page of the organisation which created it (see Contact Details above for website addresses). The starting point for many international treaty texts would be the website of the OHCHR, at http://www.unhchr.ch and click "Treaties". Another useful human rights website for instruments AND case reports is that of the University of Minnesota, at http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/ and the Human Rights Internet on www.hri.ca and www.derechos.org - all of which provide access to the texts of many international instruments.

If you do not have access to the Internet, you could obtain copies of the texts by making a written request to the organisations themselves. It may be more simple, however, to contact a larger NGO which may already have these texts. Alternatively, many of these texts may be found in a public or university library and it is also possible to obtain collected volumes of human rights texts such as:

In all cases, do not forget to check if and when the state in question has ratified the treaty, and if it has made any reservations to it.

Again, most of the mechanisms make their reports available on the Internet. The mechanisms based at the OHCHR have a particularly well-developed website, with a database containing most if not all public documents published by them. The ACNHR does not, as yet, have its own website, but many of its reports have been posted on the University of Minnesota website, referred to above, or that of the University of Pretoria Human Rights Centre http://www.up.ac.za/chr/

Alternatively, you could write to the organisation, contact another NGO or try to find them in a library. There are texts summarising the case law and comments of the courts or reporting it:

This handbook is also published by the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex. It is available free of charge from the Human Rights Centre, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, U.K. Telephone +44 1206 872558, fax + 44 1206 873627. E-mail: hrc@essex.ac.uk.

Alternatively the complete document is available on http://www.sx.ac.uk/torturehandbook/ or http://www.essex.ac.uk/torturehandbook/

Websites:

Or see,

top of page
Handbook links: website home page
Table of Contents - Search - Part I: Essential Reading - Part II: Identifying a Potential Violation - Part III: How to Document Allegations of Unlawful Killings - Part IV: Responding to the Information Collected - Part V: Where can you Seek Further Help? - Appendices
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