History and Criminology (Including Foundation Year)

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Academic Year of Entry: 2024/25
Course overview
(BA) Bachelor of Arts
History and Criminology (Including Foundation Year)
University of Essex
University of Essex
Essex Pathways
Colchester Campus
Honours Degree


Professional accreditation


Admission criteria

UK and EU applicants:

All applications for degree courses with a foundation year (Year Zero) will be considered individually, whether you:

  • think you might not have the grades to enter the first year of a degree course;
  • have non-traditional qualifications or experience (e.g. you haven’t studied A-levels or a BTEC);
  • are returning to university after some time away from education; or
  • are looking for more support during the transition into university study.

Standard offer: Our standard offer is 72 UCAS tariff points from at least two full A-levels, or equivalent.

Examples of the above tariff may include:

  • A-levels: DDD
  • BTEC Level 3 Extended Diploma: MMP
  • T-levels: Pass with E in core

If you are unsure whether you meet the entry criteria, please get in touch for advice.

Mature applicants and non-traditional academic backgrounds:

We welcome applications from mature students (over 21) and students with non-traditional academic backgrounds (might not have gone on from school to take level 3 qualifications). We will consider your educational and employment history, along with your personal statement and reference, to gain a rounded view of your suitability for the course.

International applicants:

Essex Pathways Department is unable to accept applications from international students. Foundation pathways for international students are available at the University of Essex International College and are delivered and awarded by Kaplan, in partnership with the University of Essex. Successful completion will enable you to progress to the relevant degree course at the University of Essex.

IELTS (International English Language Testing System) code

English language requirements for applicants whose first language is not English: IELTS 5.5 overall with a minimum of 5.5 in each component, or specified score in another equivalent test that we accept.

Details of English language requirements, including component scores, and the tests we accept for applicants who require a Student visa (excluding Nationals of Majority English Speaking Countries) can be found here

If we accept the English component of an international qualification it will be included in the academic levels listed above for the relevant countries.

English language shelf-life

Most English language qualifications have a validity period of 5 years. The validity period of Pearson Test of English, TOEFL and CBSE or CISCE English is 2 years.

If you require a Student visa to study in the UK please see our immigration webpages for the latest Home Office guidance on English language qualifications.

Pre-sessional English courses

If you do not meet our IELTS requirements then you may be able to complete a pre-sessional English pathway that enables you to start your course without retaking IELTS.

Pending English language qualifications

You don’t need to achieve the required level before making your application, but it will be one of the conditions of your offer.

If you cannot find the qualification that you have achieved or are pending, then please email ugquery@essex.ac.uk.

Additional Notes

If you’re an international student, but do not meet the English language or academic requirements for direct admission to this degree, you could prepare and gain entry through a pathway course. Find out more about opportunities available to you at the University of Essex International College

Course qualifiers

A course qualifier is a bracketed addition to your course title to denote a specialisation or pathway that you have achieved via the completion of specific modules during your course. The specific module requirements for each qualifier title are noted below. Eligibility for any selected qualifier will be determined by the department and confirmed by the final year Board of Examiners. If the required modules are not successfully completed, your course title will remain as described above without any bracketed addition. Selection of a course qualifier is optional and student can register preferences or opt-out via Online Module Enrolment (eNROL).


Rules of assessment

Rules of assessment are the rules, principles and frameworks which the University uses to calculate your course progression and final results.

Additional notes


External examiners

Staff photo
Dr Ingeborg Dornan

Reader in History

Brunel University London

External Examiners provide an independent overview of our courses, offering their expertise and help towards our continual improvement of course content, teaching, learning, and assessment. External Examiners are normally academics from other higher education institutions, but may be from the industry, business or the profession as appropriate for the course. They comment on how well courses align with national standards, and on how well the teaching, learning and assessment methods allow students to develop and demonstrate the relevant knowledge and skills needed to achieve their awards. External Examiners who are responsible for awards are key members of Boards of Examiners. These boards make decisions about student progression within their course and about whether students can receive their final award.

eNROL, the module enrolment system, is now open until Monday 21 October 2024 8:59AM, for students wishing to make changes to their module options.


Core You must take this module.
You must pass this module. No failure can be permitted.
Core with Options You can choose which module to study.
You must pass this module. No failure can be permitted.
Compulsory You must take this module.
There may be limited opportunities to continue on the course/be eligible for the degree if you fail.
Compulsory with Options You can choose which module to study.
There may be limited opportunities to continue on the course/be eligible for the degree if you fail.
Optional You can choose which module to study.
There may be limited opportunities to continue on the course/be eligible for the degree if you fail.

Year 0 - 2024/25

Component Number Module Code Module Title Status Min Credits Max Credits
01  IA108-3-FY-CO  The United Kingdom During the Reign of Queen Elizabeth II (1952 – 2022)  Core  30  30 
02  IA145-3-FY-CO  Research and Academic Development Skills  Core  30  30 
03    IA101-3-FY or IA111-3-FY or IA118-3-FY or IA121-3-FY  Core with Options  30  30 
04    IA101-3-FY or IA111-3-FY or IA118-3-FY or IA121-3-FY  Core with Options  30  30 

Year 1 - 2025/26

Component Number Module Code Module Title Status Min Credits Max Credits
01  HR173-4-FY-CO  Rebellious Pasts: Challenging and Creating Histories  Compulsory  30  30 
02  SC104-4-FY-CO  Introduction to Crime, Law and Society  Compulsory  30  30 
03  SC101-4-SP-CO  Researching Social Life  Compulsory  15  15 
04  SC102-4-AU-CO  Crime, Control, and the City  Compulsory  15  15 
05    History option(s)  Optional  30  30 
06  CS107-4-SP-CO  Beyond the BA: Skills for the Next Step  Compulsory 

Year 2 - 2026/27

Component Number Module Code Module Title Status Min Credits Max Credits
01  HR242-5-FY-CO  Exploring History: Research Workshop  Compulsory  30  30 
02  SC204-5-FY-CO  Sociology of Crime and Control  Compulsory  30  30 
03    SC202-5-AU and/or SC203-5-AU and/or SC207-5-AU and/or Sociology option(s) from list  Compulsory with Options  30  30 
04    History option(s) from list  Optional  30  30 
05  CS207-5-AU-CO  Beyond the BA: Building Career and Employability Readiness   Compulsory 

Year 3 - 2027/28

Component Number Module Code Module Title Status Min Credits Max Credits
01  SC304-6-FY-CO  Globalisation and Crime  Compulsory  30  30 
02    HR831-6-FY or SC831-6-FY  Compulsory with Options  30  30 
03    History option(s)  Optional  30  30 
04    Criminology or Sociology option(s) from list  Optional  30  30 
05  CS307-6-AU-CO  Beyond the BA: Preparing for Life as a Graduate  Compulsory 

Exit awards

A module is given one of the following statuses: 'core' – meaning it must be taken and passed; 'compulsory' – meaning it must be taken; or 'optional' – meaning that students can choose the module from a designated list. The rules of assessment may allow for limited condonement of fails in 'compulsory' or 'optional' modules, but 'core' modules cannot be failed. The status of the module may be different in any exit awards which are available for the course. Exam Boards will consider students' eligibility for an exit award if they fail the main award or do not complete their studies.

Programme aims

  • To provide a wide-ranging and sound academic grounding in the disciplines of history and criminology .
  • To equip students with a range of subject-specific skills fostered by the study of history and criminology, preparing them for subsequent research or further study, and for a wide range of careers .
  • To enable students to design and conduct an independent research dissertation on an historical and/or criminological topic.
  • To encourage critical reflection on crime and criminology from a historical perspective.

  • Learning outcomes and learning, teaching and assessment methods

    On successful completion of the programme a graduate should demonstrate knowledge and skills as follows:

    A: Knowledge and understanding

    A1: Knowledge and understanding of the intellectual foundations of criminology

    A2: Knowledge and understanding of key criminological concepts and theories

    A3: Knowledge and understanding of a range of historical and social developments in the modern era

    A4: Knowledge and understanding of fundamental principles of historical analysis

    A5: Knowledge and understanding of aspects of the history and/or sociology of crime and social regulation

    Learning methods

    Lectures introduce students to course content in a general manner and through specific examples.

    Lectures are also designed to stimulate students' interest in the subject under discussion.

    Each module entails a weekly class or workshop, for which students have to prepare, and where emphasis is placed on discussion.

    Students make independent use of all library resources (databases, books, articles and in some cases films) in preparing for classes and writing essays.

    Individual supervision is given on the independent research dissertation; tutors provide feedback on all forms of coursework.

    There is strong emphasis on developing students' theoretical understanding of criminology, as well as their sense of the historical construction of criminology as a subject.

    Assessment methods

    Outcomes A1-A5 are assessed through continuous coursework and written examinations.

    Coursework consists mainly of essays, supplemented by other types of assignment such as book reviews, document analyses, glossaries of concepts, assessed presentations and oral contributions.

    The Capstone research project tests knowledge of A5 in particular.

    B: Intellectual and cognitive skills

    B1: Assemble, synthesise and analyse evidence

    B2: Understand, summarise and critically assess criminological work

    B3: Understand, summarise and critically assess historical work

    B4: Formulate and present ideas and arguments

    B5: Evaluate and compare approaches, theories and interpretations

    Learning methods

    Skills B1-B5 are primarily enhanced through all the activities involved in preparing for class discussions and producing essays and other assignments, although lectures and classes provide a means for teachers to demonstrate these skills through example.

    Preparation for classes and class presentations involve the reading, interpretation and evaluation of historical and criminological texts and the collection and evaluation of empirical evidence.

    Students are provided with feedback on all coursework, including class presentations and contributions to classes through comment and discussion.

    Assessment methods

    All skills are assessed through the usual means of a variety of types of coursework.

    C: Practical skills

    C1: Critically read, summarise and evaluate sources in history

    C2: Critically read, summarise and evaluate sources in criminology

    C3: Retrieve relevant evidence using bibliographic and web searches

    C4: An ability to plan work and manage timetables

    Learning methods

    Preparation of written work and oral presentations develops C1, C2 and C3, as does participation in class discussions; some courses emphasise work in groups by including assessment of the student's general participation in class discussions.

    Students are strongly encouraged to discuss their projects with members of academic staff but are required to conduct their own bibliographic research and formulate their own lines of investigation.

    Assessment methods

    C1 and C2 are assessed through the usual means of coursework.

    C3 is assessed in the final-year dissertation.

    C4 is assessed by the requirement that students meet coursework deadlines, as well as by interim deadlines in preparing their final-year dissertation.

    D: Key skills

    D1: Ability to produce fluent and effective communication

    D2: Use of relevant information technology to research and present work

    D3: Critically assess existing and proposed solutions to problems; understand and produce answers to essay questions

    D4: A student's ability to reflect on his or her own progress and to respond constructively to the comments of others.

    Learning methods

    D1, D2, D4, and D6 are acquired and developed through the teaching and learning methods described above, including seminar/class discussions.

    Students are encouraged to use the University key skills on-line package.

    Early in the first year, specific assignments are given such as carrying out bibliographic or web searches; thereafter students are expected to make routine use of word-processing packages, email, library searches and internet sources as part of effective study and course participation.

    Students have the opportunity to discuss essay feedback and essay plans with members of staff.

    Assessment methods

    Key skills are assessed through the usual methods of coursework, including evaluation of seminar performance.

    IT skills are a component in most assessed work which usually entails word processing as well as bibliographic and web searches.


    The University makes every effort to ensure that this information on its programme specification is accurate and up-to-date. Exceptionally it can be necessary to make changes, for example to courses, facilities or fees. Examples of such reasons might include a change of law or regulatory requirements, industrial action, lack of demand, departure of key personnel, change in government policy, or withdrawal/reduction of funding. Changes to courses may for example consist of variations to the content and method of delivery of programmes, courses and other services, to discontinue programmes, courses and other services and to merge or combine programmes or courses. The University will endeavour to keep such changes to a minimum, and will also keep students informed appropriately by updating our programme specifications.

    The full Procedures, Rules and Regulations of the University governing how it operates are set out in the Charter, Statutes and Ordinances and in the University Regulations, Policy and Procedures.


    If you are thinking of studying at Essex and have questions about the course, please contact Undergraduate Admissions by emailing admit@essex.ac.uk, or Postgraduate Admissions by emailing pgadmit@essex.ac.uk.

    If you're a current student and have questions about your course or specific modules, please contact your department.

    If you think there might be an error on this page, please contact the Course Records Team by emailing crt@essex.ac.uk.