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English and French Law (Maitrise)

Course overview

(LLB) Bachelor of Laws
English and French Law (Maitrise)
University of Essex
University of Essex
Law (School of)
Colchester Campus
Accredited by the Bar Standards Board for the purpose of a Qualifying Law Degree.

The qualifying law degree is recognised by the Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) for the purposes of satisfying the academic stage of training.
Honours Degree
LLB M122

A-levels: ABB

A in A-level (or equivalent) French also required

IB: 32 points, including Higher Level French grade 6. We are also happy to consider a combination of separate IB Diploma Programmes at both Higher and Standard Level. Exact offer levels will vary depending on the range of subjects being taken at higher and standard level, and the course applied for. Please contact the Undergraduate Admissions Office for more information.

French Baccalaureate: An overall mark of 14 including 12 in English and 12 in French

Entry requirements for students studying BTEC qualifications are dependent on units studied. Advice can be provided on an individual basis. The standard required is generally at Distinction level.

A French proficiency test may be required if French is not your first language.

Please note that second year entry to this course is not possible.

English language requirements for applicants whose first language is not English: IELTS 6.0 overall. Different requirements apply for second year entry, and specified component grades are also required for applicants who require a Tier 4 visa to study in the UK.

Other English language qualifications may be acceptable so please contact us for further details. If we accept the English component of an international qualification then it will be included in the information given about the academic levels listed above. Please note that date restrictions may apply to some English language qualifications

If you are an international student requiring a Tier 4 visa to study in the UK please see our immigration webpages for the latest Home Office guidance on English language qualifications.

If you do not meet our IELTS requirements then you may be able to complete a pre-sessional English pathway that enables you to start your course without retaking IELTS.

External Examiners

Dr Eva Steiner
King's College London
Senior Lecturer in French Law

External Examiners provide an independent overview of our courses, offering their expertise and help towards our continual improvement of course content, teaching, learning, and assessment. External Examiners are normally academics from other higher education institutions, but may be from the industry, business or the profession as appropriate for the course. They comment on how well courses align with national standards, and on how well the teaching, learning and assessment methods allow students to develop and demonstrate the relevant knowledge and skills needed to achieve their awards. External Examiners who are responsible for awards are key members of Boards of Examiners. These boards make decisions about student progression within their course and about whether students can receive their final award.

eNROL, the module enrolment system, is now open until Monday 21 October 2019 8:59AM, for students wishing to make changes to their module options.


Core You must take this module You must pass this module. No failure can be permitted.
Core with Options You can choose which module to study
Compulsory You must take this module There may be limited opportunities to continue on the course/be eligible for the degree if you fail.
Compulsory with Options You can choose which module to study
Optional You can choose which module to study

Year 1 - 2019/20

Component Number Module Code Module Title Status Credits
01 LW108-4-AU Foundations of the Law of Obligations Compulsory 15
02 LW101-4-SP Contract Law Compulsory 15
03 LW105-4-AU Legal Skills Core 15
04 LW109-4-SP Foundations of Property Law Compulsory 15
05 LW103-4-FY Foundations of Public Law Compulsory 30
06 LW106-4-AU French Constitutional Law Core 15
07 LW112-4-SP French Private Law I Core 15
08 LW111-4-FY Career Management and Personal Development Skills I Compulsory 0

Year 2 - 2020/21

Component Number Module Code Module Title Status Credits
01 LW201-5-AU Tort Law Compulsory 15
02 LW202-5-SP Equity and Trusts Compulsory 15
03 LW303-5-AU Land Law Compulsory 15
04 LW360-5-SP Legal Research Compulsory 15
05 LW104-5-FY Criminal Law Compulsory 30
06 LW206-5-SP French Administrative Law Core 15
07 LW208-5-AU French Private Law II Core 15
08 LW211-5-FY Career Management and Personal Development Skills II Compulsory 0

Year Abroad/Placement - 2021/22

Component Number Module Code Module Title Status Credits
01 LW490-5-FY Compulsory 30

Year Abroad/Placement - 2022/23

Component Number Module Code Module Title Status Credits
01 LW491-6-FY Compulsory 30
02 LW492-6-FY Compulsory 30
03 LW493-6-FY Compulsory 30
04 LW494-6-FY Compulsory 30

Exit awards

A module is given one of the following statuses: 'core' – meaning it must be taken and passed; 'compulsory' – meaning it must be taken; or 'optional' – meaning that students can choose the module from a designated list. The rules of assessment may allow for limited condonement of fails in 'compulsory' or 'optional' modules, but 'core' modules cannot be failed. The status of the module may be different in any exit awards which are available for the course. Exam Boards will consider students' eligibility for an exit award if they fail the main award or do not complete their studies.

Programme aims

Provide students with a rigorous academic training in the discipline of Law.

Provide students with an enhanced awareness and experience of other legal cultures within Europe, including an understanding of the relationships developing between those legal cultures, their convergence, divergence and harmonisation.

Allow students to develop a critical awareness of the nature of Law within its social, political and economic contexts and enable students to develop an approach to the discipline so that they are able to see each subject area as part of an integrated whole.

Inculcate in students an awareness of the place of the Law of England and Wales and of France in their European and international frameworks.

Instil in students a knowledge and understanding of English and French Law.

Allow students to develop critical, analytical and research skills, problem-solving skills, and transferable skills.

Foster the ability in students to construct a logical argument and to communicate that argument clearly, in English and in French, and to consider, evaluate and respond to alternative and possibly conflicting points of view.

Provide students with the opportunity to work independently and in teams.

Provide students with the opportunity to gain exemption from the academic stage of the Bar Vocational Course and the Legal Practice Course through a qualifying law degree for England and Wales, and to obtain their Ma»trise with respect to the French legal system.

The outcomes listed in this section represent the minimum that might be expected of a graduate of the School of Law of the University of Essex.

It is the intention of the Department that the vast majority of law graduates will achieve significantly more.

Details of the different standards expected for the various classes of degree can be found in the Student Handbook produced annually by the Department of Law.

Learning outcomes and learning, teaching and assessment methods

On successful completion of the programme a graduate should demonstrate knowledge and skills as follows:

A: Knowledge and understanding

A1 Fundamental doctrines and principles of the law, and the institutions and procedures of the legal system of England and Wales and of France.
A2 Social, cultural, economic and political context in which the law develops.
A3 Some substantive areas of law in depth.
A4 The French language, particularly with respect to its use in legal matters.
A5 Those areas of law identified by the Bar and the Law Society for the purposes of obtaining a Qualifying Law Degree.
Learning Methods: A1 - A5 are acquired through: lectures; large group interactive classes which encourage dialogue between the students and teacher and between the students inter se; and tutorials which allow students to work in small groups and for dynamic interaction.

Where relevant and as the basis for an argument, students should use, present and evaluate relevant numerical or statistical information as appropriate.

Students are expected to undertake independent research through directed reading to consolidate and develop what they have learned in class.

A1 and A4 are particularly acquired through the two-year period in France.
Assessment Methods: Testing of the knowledge base for A1 - A5 is through unseen examinations and coursework.

Coursework consists of essays, problem analysis, oral presentations and group projects.

B: Intellectual and cognitive skills

B1 Identify accurately the issue(s) which requires researching in English law and the law of France.
B2 Apply relevant primary and secondary legal sources from England and France.
B3 Reason critically, identify, analyse, and solve problems in English and French law.
B4 Recognise, rank and collate items and issues in terms of relevance and importance in English and French law.
B5 Produce a synthesis of relevant doctrinal and policy issues in relation to a topic in English and French law.
B6 Make a critical judgement of the merits of particular arguments with respect to English and French law.
B7 Present and make a reasoned choice between alternative solutions with respect to English and French law.
B8 Demonstrate and exercise independence of thought.
Learning Methods: Skills B1 - B8 are obtained and developed through tutorials and large group interactive classes where there is an emphasis on group discussion and analysis of case material and problems (hypothetical and actual), and through the period abroad.

B5 and B6 are also obtained through lectures.

All skills are complemented by class-independent reading undertaken by students in the light of guidance by lecturers and tutors.
Intellectual and cognitive skills are also acquired through written and oral feedback on coursework.

In addition, learning is enhanced by formative assessment of Skills B1, B3, B7 and B8 in tutorials and large group interactive classes.
Assessment Methods: Skills B2 - B8 will be assessed through unseen examinations, and B1 - B8 through continuous coursework, both at Essex and Paris X.

C: Practical skills

C1 Identify, select and retrieve up-to-date legal information, using both paper and electronic sources with respect to English and French law.
C2 Use and apply legal terminology and legal concepts with respect to English and French law.
C3 Plan and undertake tasks in areas of law already studied, and undertake independent research in areas of law not previously studied, starting from standard legal information sources with respect to English and French law.
C4 Express themselves fluently in French with repect to legal matters.
Learning Methods: Skill C1 is developed through preparation for tutorials, coursework and examinations.

Skills C1 and C2 are also facilitated through the provision of LEXIS training.

Skills C2 and C3 are developed through tutorials by way of the medium of problem solving and group discussion, both at Essex and Nanterre.

Skills C1 - C3 are formatively assessed in tutorials and large group interactive classes, which assessment reinforces their learning by students.

Skill C4 is acquired in LW107 and LW207 and during the period abroad.
Assessment Methods: Skills C1 - C3 are assessed through continuous coursework.

In addition to traditional research methods, students are expected to use the internet when researching their coursework in order to find primary and secondary sources, either in on-line or paper format.

Skill C2 is obtained through unseen examinations.

Skill C4 is assessed during the period abroad.

D: Key skills

D1 Both orally and in writing, (i) work with the English language proficiently in relation to legal matters with respect to English law and the law of at least one other European country; (ii) where teaching in the partner University is in the language of that country, then the student will be able to communicate clearly and accurately in that foreign language with respect to legal matters; (iii) present knowledge or an argument in a clear, coherent and relevant manner.
D2 (i) Produce a word-processed essay or other text in an appropriate form and (ii) use the worldwide web, e-mail, and also some electronic information retrieval systems.
D3 Where relevant and as the basis for an argument, use, present and evaluate information provided in numerical or statistical form.
D4 Analyse a reasonably complex set of facts and apply relevant law thereto.
D6 With limited guidance, reflect on his or her own learning, and to make use of feedback.
Learning Methods: Skills D1, D2 and D4 are acquired through tutorials where students debate legal issues and problems at Essex and during the year abroad.

Skill D1 (ii) will be obtained particularly in LW107 and LW207 and during the period abroad.

Skill D1 (iii) is additionally obtained through the University's online essay writing tutorial at: Skills D1, D2, D4 and D6 will be learnt through writing summatively assessed and formative coursework and consequent feedback, both written and that obtained in oral sessions.

Skill D3 is acquired in particular in LW101 (Contract), in the context of the law of damages, in LW102 (Land Law) and LW202 (Equity and Trusts) in the context of quantification of interests, and in LW201 (Tort) in the context of probabilistic causation.

Skill D2 (ii) is obtained and developed in all courses through tutorial, coursework and examination preparation, in particular by using web-based materials and law data bases (such as LEXIS and WESTLAW).
Assessment Methods: Skills D1, D2, D4 and D6 are assessed through continuous coursework.

Skills D1, D3 and D4 are also assessed through unseen examinations.

Skill D1 (ii) is particularly assessed in LW107 and LW207 and during the period abroad.


The University makes every effort to ensure that this information on its programme specification is accurate and up-to-date. Exceptionally it can be necessary to make changes, for example to courses, facilities or fees. Examples of such reasons might include a change of law or regulatory requirements, industrial action, lack of demand, departure of key personnel, change in government policy, or withdrawal/reduction of funding. Changes to courses may for example consist of variations to the content and method of delivery of programmes, courses and other services, to discontinue programmes, courses and other services and to merge or combine programmes or courses. The University will endeavour to keep such changes to a minimum, and will also keep students informed appropriately by updating our programme specifications.

The full Procedures, Rules and Regulations of the University governing how it operates are set out in the Charter, Statutes and Ordinances and in the University Regulations, Policy and Procedures.

Should you have any questions about programme specifications, please contact Course Records, Quality and Academic Development; email: