Tropical Marine Resources
Life Sciences (School of)
Postgraduate: Level 7
Thursday 03 October 2019
Friday 26 June 2020
11 September 2019
Requisites for this module
MSC C16112 Tropical Marine Biology,
MMB C160 Marine Biology
Tropical marine ecosystems provide important resources locally and globally, and support the livelihoods of more than ½ billion people around the world. Tropical marine resources are threatened by a number of different factors including global environmental change, overexploitation, and environmental degradation caused by coastal development.
Our planet's population is predicted to rise from 7 billion to 9 billion by the year 2050 with major changes expected for coastal societies and this combined with coastal transmigration may lead to doubling of tropical marine resource exploitation over the next 50 years. Over the same time scale many scientists predict that half of the present coral reefs around the world will be irreversibly damaged or lost. The future of coral reefs and connected systems such as mangrove forests and tropical seagrass beds therefore looks bleak and active integrated management is urgently required. Management strategies need to consider the main factors resulting in ecosystem demise from a multidisciplinary standpoint. However protecting food security, access to clean water and sustainable economies are key requirements and illustrate the delicate balancing act between the need for development and conservation.
This module focuses on tropical marine resources with an emphasis on fisheries, mariculture, biotechnology, sustainable management and conservation management. Artisanal practises such as seaweed farming and mangrove harvesting will be considered alongside international industries that consider tropical marine ecosystems as a biotechnological 'treasure chest'. Additionally, the module offers the unique opportunity for students to attend an expedition to explore the biodiversity and ecology of coral reefs and to study and critically examine the process of coral conservation management within the remote Wakatobi Marine National Park in Indonesia (Option A). The Wakatobi is situated within the coral triangle and is at the centre of the most biodiverse marine environment on Earth. This expedition provides opportunities for dive training and research diving activities. The research centre is ideally located amongst local communities with different traditions and coral reef dependency levels. Communication, both formal and informal, with different stakeholders and community representatives will form a key component of the work. Alternatively, students can either choose to attend placement with associated partner organisations or industries to investigate how selected organisations exploit or influence tropical marine resources globally (Option B), or conduct a literature review and presentation on the effects of pollution on tropical marine resources (Option C).
This module focuses on tropical marine resources with an emphasis on fisheries, mariculture, biotechnology, sustainable management and conservation management.
To pass this module students will need to be able to:
1. Discuss the diversity and socio-economic value of tropical marine resources
2. Discuss the environmental, social and economic impacts of tropical marine resources and prospects for more sustainable production and harvesting;
3. Discuss biotechnology industries based around tropical marine resources
4. Discuss biotechnological products stemming from marine resources
5. Explain the status and trends in global marine fisheries, with emphasis on tropical marine environments;
6. Demonstrate an appreciation of the differing roles and agendas of stakeholders associated with local and international marine resource development and an understanding of approaches suited to enhanced planning and management;
7. Show competence in applying an established model and interpreting its results
8. Show competence in retrieving relevant information from diverse sources.
No additional information available.
Part 1 (Spring Term): 20 x 1 hour Theory Lectures
Part 2 (Easter Vacation): Option A: Tropical Marine Conservation & Management Field Course; Option B: Volunteer Placement Programme; Option C: Literature Review & Presentation.
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- Robert J. Orth et al. (2006) 'A Global Crisis for Seagrass Ecosystems', in BioScience. vol. 56 (12) , pp.987-996
- Jennie Hunter-Cevera; David Karl; Merry Buckley. (2005) Marine Microbial Diversity: the Key to Earth's Habitability, Washington, DC: American Academy of Microbiology.
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- Joel Querellou et al. (2010) Marine Biotechnology: A New Vision and Strategy for Europe, Ostend: European Science Foundation (ESF) Marine Board.
- Ian Joint; Martin Mühling; Joël Querellou. (2010) 'Culturing marine bacteria - an essential prerequisite for biodiscovery', in Microbial Biotechnology. vol. 3 (5) , pp.564-575
- Russell T. Hill; William Fenical. (2010) 'Pharmaceuticals from marine natural products: surge or ebb?', in Current Opinion in Biotechnology. vol. 21 (6) , pp.777-779
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- Committee on Metagenomics. (2007) New Science of Metagenomics: Revealing the Secrets of Our Microbial Planet, Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
- Patrick Lorenz; Jürgen Eck. (2005) 'Metagenomics and industrial applications', in Nature Reviews Microbiology. vol. 3 (6) , pp.510-516
- Carlos M. Duarte. (2002) 'The future of seagrass meadows', in Environmental Conservation. vol. 29 (2) , pp.192-206
- Martin Keller; Karsten Zengler. (2004) 'Tapping into microbial diversity', in Nature Reviews Microbiology. vol. 2 (2) , pp.141-150
- (2008) Economic Values of Coral Reefs, Mangroves, and Seagrasses: A Global Compilation, Arlington, VA: Conservation International.
- Demunshi, Ypsita; Chugh, Archana. (2010-10) 'Role of traditional knowledge in marine bioprospecting', in Biodiversity and Conservation. vol. 19 (11) , pp.3015-3033
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- Benjamín Otto Ortega-Morales; Manuel Jesús Chan-Bacab; Susana del Carmen De la Rosa-García; Juan Carlos Camacho-Chab. (2010) 'Valuable processes and products from marine intertidal microbial communities', in Current Opinion in Biotechnology. vol. 21 (3) , pp.346-352
- Lane, Amy L.; Moore, Bradley S. (2011) 'A sea of biosynthesis: marine natural products meet the molecular age', in Natural Product Reports. vol. 28 (2) , pp.411-428
- Hyun Sook Lee et al. (2010) 'Approaches for novel enzyme discovery from marine environments', in Current Opinion in Biotechnology. vol. 21 (3) , pp.353-357
- Susannah G. Tringe; Philip Hugenholtz. (2008) 'A renaissance for the pioneering 16S rRNA gene', in Current Opinion in Microbiology. vol. 11 (5) , pp.442-446
- Jonathan Kennedy. (2008) 'Marine metagenomics: strategies for the discovery of novel enzymes with biotechnological applications from marine environments', in Microbial Cell Factories: BioMed Central. vol. 7 (1) , pp.1-
- Manuel Ferrer et al. (2005) 'Supplemental Data', in Chemistry & Biology. vol. 12 (8)
- Jorn Piel; Dequan Hui; Nobuhiro Fusetani; Shigeki Matsunaga. (2004) 'Targeting modular polyketide synthases with iteratively acting acyltransferases from metagenomes of uncultured bacterial consortia', in Environmental Microbiology. vol. 6 (9) , pp.921-927
- Lynn Jackson. (2008) Marine Biofouling and invasive species: Guidelines for Prevention and Management, Nairobi: Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP).
- Haeshin Lee; Shara M. Dellatore; William M. Miller; Phillip B. Messersmith. (2007) 'Mussel-Inspired Surface Chemistry for Multifunctional Coatings', in Science. vol. 318 (5849) , pp.426-430
- Jesús M. Arrieta; Sophie Arnaud-Haond; Carlos M. Duarte. (2010) 'What lies underneath: Conserving the oceans' genetic resources', in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. vol. 107 (43) , pp.18318-18324
- Maureen E. Callow. (2002) 'Marine biofouling: a sticky problem', in Biologist. vol. 49 (1) , pp.10-14
- Curtis A. Suttle. (2007) 'Marine viruses—major players in the global ecosystem', in Nature Reviews Microbiology. vol. 5 (10) , pp.801-812
- Neil D. Gray; Ian M. Head. (2001) 'Linking genetic identity and function in communities of uncultured bacteria', in Environmental Microbiology. vol. 3 (8) , pp.481-492
- Abdessamad Debbab; Amal H. Aly; Wen H. Lin; Peter Proksch. (2010) 'Bioactive Compounds from Marine Bacteria and Fungi', in Microbial Biotechnology. vol. 3 (5) , pp.544-563
- Ian Joint; Karen Tait; Glen Wheeler. (2007) 'Cross-kingdom signalling: exploitation of bacterial quorum sensing molecules by the green seaweed', in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. vol. 362 (1483) , pp.1223-1233
- Merry Buckley; Richard J. Roberts. (2007) Reconciling Microbial Systematics and Genomics, Washington DC: American Academy of Microbiology.
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- Sergey Dobretsov; Max Teplitski; Valerie Paul. (2009) 'Mini-review: quorum sensing in the marine environment and its relationship to biofouling', in Biofouling: The Journal of Bioadhesion and Biofilm Research. vol. 25 (5) , pp.413-427
- Tadayuki Imanaka. (2011) 'Enzymes Involved in DNA Amplification (e.g. Polymerases) from Thermophiles: Evolution of PCR Enzymes', in Extremophiles Handbook, Tokyo: Springer Japan., pp.475-495
- Antje Boetius; Samantha Joye. (2009) 'Thriving in Salt', in Science. vol. 324 (5934) , pp.1523-1525
- M. Kanagasabhapathy; G. Yamazaki; A. Ishida; H. Sasaki; S. Nagata. (2009) 'Presence of quorum-sensing inhibitor-like compounds from bacteria isolated from the brown alga', in Letters in Applied Microbiology. vol. 49 (5) , pp.573-579
- Manuel Ferrer et al. (2005) 'Microbial Enzymes Mined from the Urania Deep-Sea Hypersaline Anoxic Basin', in Chemistry & Biology. vol. 12 (8) , pp.895-904
- (2010) 'The Ocean', in Microbiology Today.
- M. S. Laport, O. C.S. Santos and G. Muricy. (no date) 'Marine Sponges: Potential Sources of New Antimicrobial Drugs', in Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology. vol. 10 (1) , pp.86-105
- J. Grant Burgess. (2012) 'New and emerging analytical techniques for marine biotechnology', in Current Opinion in Biotechnology. vol. 23 (1) , pp.29-33
- Dongying Wu et al. (2009) 'A phylogeny-driven genomic encyclopaedia of Bacteria and Archaea', in Nature. vol. 462 (7276) , pp.1056-1060
The above list is indicative of the essential reading for the course. The library makes provision for all reading list items, with digital provision where possible, and these resources are shared between students. Further reading can be obtained from this module's reading list.
Assessment items, weightings and deadlines
|Coursework / exam
||Option A, B or C Assignment
||Tropical Marine Biotechnology Popular Science Article
Module supervisor and teaching staff
Dr Boyd McKew, Dr Michelle Taylor, Dr Rosa Van Der Ven
School Graduate Office, email: bsgradtaught (Non essex users should add @essex.ac.uk to create a full email address)
Dr Nicholas Kamenos
University of Glasgow
Available via Moodle
Of 28 hours, 24 (85.7%) hours available to students:
4 hours not recorded due to service coverage or fault;
0 hours not recorded due to opt-out by lecturer(s).
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