Sociology of Crime and Control

The details
Colchester Campus
Full Year
Undergraduate: Level 5
Thursday 08 October 2020
Friday 02 July 2021
27 January 2020


Requisites for this module



Key module for

BA M900 Criminology,
BA M901 Criminology (Including Year Abroad),
BA M903 Criminology (Including Foundation Year),
BA M904 Criminology (Including Placement Year),
MSOCM999 Criminology,
MSOCMX98 Criminology (Including Placement Year),
MSOCMX99 Criminology (Including Year Abroad),
BA MT26 Criminology and American Studies (UK Study),
BA MT27 Criminology and American Studies (Including Year Abroad),
BA MT28 Criminology and American Studies (Including Foundation Year and Year Abroad),
BA MT2R Criminology and American Studies,
BA MT3R Criminology and American Studies (Including Placement Year),
BA MT62 Criminology and American Studies (UK Study) (Including Placement Year),
BA L3C8 Criminology with Social Psychology,
BA L3H8 Criminology with Social Psychology (Including Placement Year),
BA LHC8 Criminology with Social Psychology (Including Year Abroad),
BA MV91 History and Criminology,
BA MV92 History and Criminology (Including Placement Year),
BA MV98 History and Criminology (Including Foundation Year),
BA MV9C History and Criminology (Including Year Abroad),
BA LM38 Sociology and Criminology (Including Placement Year),
BA LM39 Sociology and Criminology,
BA LMH9 Sociology and Criminology (Including Year Abroad),
BA LMHX Sociology and Criminology (Including Foundation Year),
BA P550 Journalism and Criminology,
BA P551 Journalism and Criminology (Including Placement Year),
BA P552 Journalism and Criminology (Including Year Abroad),
BA L333 Criminology with Counselling Skills,
BA L334 Criminology with Counselling Skills (Including Year Abroad),
BA L335 Criminology with Counselling Skills (Including Placement Year),
BA LM11 Criminology with Criminal Law,
BA LM12 Criminology with Criminal Law (Including Year Abroad),
BA LM13 Criminology with Criminal Law (Including Placement Year),
LLB MM00 Law with Criminology,
LLB MM01 Law with Criminology (Including Year Abroad),
LLB MM02 Law with Criminology (Including Placement Year),
LLB MM03 Law with Criminology (Including Foundation Year)

Module description

This module offers students an opportunity to explore the theoretical debates that have developed within the field of criminology and consider their significance within contemporary social concerns about crime and deviance. The module examines key theories and trends in criminological thought, including the historical development of criminology and some of the more recent critiques.

The themes of causation, criminalisation, correction and control run throughout the theoretical perspectives and are considered alongside some specific examples of criminal activity and organisation. Such examples range from the individually-experienced through the structural inequalities relevant to understanding gender, ethnicity and crime, and global dimensions of crime and control.

Module aims

Overall, this module aims to help you to:

develop a broad historical sense of how ideas about criminology, social control, crime, and criminal justice agencies, have shifted over time from the 18th century onwards, and with a focus on the ‘Western world’,

grasp some of the key ways of thinking about crime through an analysis of various discourses and narratives that have developed as explanations,

link these discourses to the several key sociological and criminological areas of theoretical development,

become aware of some of the key contemporary debates and theoretical perspectives surrounding the politics and images of crime and control,

understand the social processes involved in making sense of social phenomena such as crime, social problems and deviance, and in the construction of knowledge about crime and criminality.

Module learning outcomes

By the end of the module, you should be able to:

• understand key social ways of thinking critically about crime, deviance and control,
• demonstrate a good understanding of some of the major criminological studies,
• scrutinise broader criminological ‘texts’ (such as film, TV, press, internet) and make sense of them through the theories discussed,
• be a confident and critical user of academic research tools such as specialist journals, the internet and secondary data.

Module information

This module is a compulsory second year component for all criminology students and it is available as an option to other second and third year sociology students and as an outside option if space allows.

Learning and teaching methods

1 weekly lecture & 1 weekly class


  • Carrabine, Eamonn; Cox, Pamela; Fussey, Peter; Hobbs, Dick; South, Nigel; Thiel, Darren; Turton, Jackie. (2014) Criminology: a sociological introduction, Abingdon: Routledge.
  • FERRELL, J.; MILOVANOVIC, D.; LYNG, S. (2001-05-01) 'Edgework, Media Practices, and the Elongation of Meaning:: A Theoretical Ethnography of the Bridge Day Event', in Theoretical Criminology. vol. 5 (2) , pp.177-202
  • MESSERSCHMIDT, J. W. (2000-01-01) 'Becoming "Real Men": Adolescent Masculinity Challenges and Sexual Violence', in Men and Masculinities. vol. 2 (3) , pp.286-307
  • Carrabine, Eamonn; Cox, Alexandra L. (2020) Criminology: a sociological introduction, New York: Routledge.
  • (2016) Queering criminology, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Chamberlain, John Martyn. (2015) Criminological theory in context, London: SAGE.
  • David Garland. (1985) 'The Criminal and His Science: A Critical Account of the Formation of Criminology at the End of the Nineteenth Century', in The British Journal of Criminology: Oxford University Press. vol. 25, pp.109-137
  • Chesney-Lind, Meda; Chagnon, Nicholas. (2016-10) 'Criminology, Gender, and Race', in Feminist Criminology. vol. 11 (4) , pp.311-333
  • Travers, Max. (2017-10-26) 'The idea of a Southern Criminology', in International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice., pp.1-12
  • Fraser, Alistair; Atkinson, Colin. (2014-08) 'Making Up Gangs: Looping, Labelling and the New Politics of Intelligence-led Policing', in Youth Justice. vol. 14 (2) , pp.154-170
  • Newburn, Tim. (2017) Criminology, London: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
  • Barberet, R; Carrington, K. (2018) 'Globalizing Feminist Criminology: Gendered Violence During Peace and War', in The Palgrave Handbook of Criminology and the Global South: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Dum, Christopher P.; Norris, Robert J.; Weng, Kevin. (2017-12) 'Punishing Benevolence: The Criminalization of Homeless Feeding as an Act of State Harm', in Critical Criminology. vol. 25 (4) , pp.483-506
  • Goold, B.; Loader, I.; Thumala, A. (2013-11-01) 'The Banality of Security: The Curious Case of Surveillance Cameras', in British Journal of Criminology. vol. 53 (6) , pp.977-996
  • Robert Agnew. (2012/08/28) 'Reflection on "A Revised Strain Theory of Delinquency"', in Social Forces: Oxford University Press. vol. 91 (1) , pp.33-38
  • Taylor, Ian; Walton, Paul; Young, Jock. (1975) Critical criminology, Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul. vol. International library of sociology
  • LYNCH, M. J.; STRETSKY, P. B. (2003-05-01) 'The Meaning of Green: Contrasting Criminological Perspectives', in Theoretical Criminology. vol. 7 (2) , pp.217-238
  • Fatsis, Lambros. (2018-06-28) 'Grime: Criminal subculture or public counterculture? A critical investigation into the criminalization of Black musical subcultures in the UK', in Crime, Media, Culture: An International Journal., pp.174165901878411-
  • Korkodeilou, Jenny. (2016-03) 'Stalking Victims, Victims of Sexual Violence and Criminal Justice System Responses: Is there a Difference or just ‘ ?', in British Journal of Criminology. vol. 56 (2) , pp.256-273
  • Smithson, H.; Ralphs, R.; Williams, P. (2013) 'Used and Abused: The Problematic Usage of Gang Terminology in the United Kingdom and Its Implications for Ethnic Minority Youth', in British Journal of Criminology. vol. 53 (1) , pp.113-128
  • Weber, L. (2002) 'The Detention of Asylum Seekers: 20 Reasons Why Criminologists Should Care', in Current Issues in Criminal Justice. vol. 14 (1) , pp.9-30
  • Raymen, Thomas; Smith, Oliver. (2016-03) 'What’s Deviance Got to Do With It? Black Friday Sales, Violence and Hyper-conformity', in British Journal of Criminology. vol. 56 (2) , pp.389-405
  • Leah, John. (2016-09-08) 'Left Realism: A radical criminology for the current crisis', in International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy. vol. 3 (5) , pp.53-65
  • Hobbs, D. (2002-3-1) ''Door Lore'. The Art and Economics of Intimidation', in British Journal of Criminology. vol. 42 (2) , pp.352-370

The above list is indicative of the essential reading for the course. The library makes provision for all reading list items, with digital provision where possible, and these resources are shared between students. Further reading can be obtained from this module's reading list.

Assessment items, weightings and deadlines

Coursework / exam Description Deadline Coursework weighting
Coursework   Critical Review 1  16/11/2020  30% 
Coursework   Critical Review 2  18/01/2021  30% 
Coursework   Critical Book Review  22/03/2021  40% 
Exam  Main exam: 24hr during Summer (Main Period) 

Exam format definitions

  • Remote, open book: Your exam will take place remotely via an online learning platform. You may refer to any physical or electronic materials during the exam.
  • In-person, open book: Your exam will take place on campus under invigilation. You may refer to any physical materials such as paper study notes or a textbook during the exam. Electronic devices may not be used in the exam.
  • In-person, open book (restricted): The exam will take place on campus under invigilation. You may refer only to specific physical materials such as a named textbook during the exam. Permitted materials will be specified by your department. Electronic devices may not be used in the exam.
  • In-person, closed book: The exam will take place on campus under invigilation. You may not refer to any physical materials or electronic devices during the exam. There may be times when a paper dictionary, for example, may be permitted in an otherwise closed book exam. Any exceptions will be specified by your department.

Your department will provide further guidance before your exams.

Overall assessment

Coursework Exam
50% 50%


Coursework Exam
50% 50%
Module supervisor and teaching staff
Prof Eamonn Carrabine, email:
Dr Anna Di Ronco, email:
Dr. Gulcimen Karakeci, Daniel Marciniak
Jane Harper, Student Administrator, Telephone: 01206 873052 E-mail:



External examiner

Dr Jennifer Fleetwood
Goldsmiths, University of London
Senior Lecturer in Criminology
Available via Moodle
Of 6833 hours, 15 (0.2%) hours available to students:
6818 hours not recorded due to service coverage or fault;
0 hours not recorded due to opt-out by lecturer(s).


Further information

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