Distinctions between different approaches to the study of animal behaviour (e.g. ethology, cognition, learning theory); Wallace, Darwin, Evolution by means of natural selection; The 'Modern Synthesis'; Modern debates about evolutionary theory.
The roots of ethology; Konrad Lorenz; Nikolaas Tinbergen; Tinbergen's 'four questions'; Imprinting; Fixed Action patterns; Sign Stimuli; The Waggle dance; The Peck order & social rank; Applied ethology.
- The Selfish Gene - How can altruism evolve? Hamilton, Williams, Trivers, Maynard Smith, Wilson and Dawkins.
What is the unit of selection - Genes, Individuals, Kin, Groups, Species? Hamilton's rule; Hymenoptra sex ratios.
A model of optimality; Optimal offspring; Costs and benefits; Optimal foraging theory; Ideal free distribution. Optimal mating strategies; Criticisms of optimality models.
- Game theory - John von Neumann.
Maynard Smith's hawk-dove game; Evoloutionary stable strategies; the prisoners dilemma; reciprocal altruism; 1985 Horizon Documentary.
Frequency dependent selection; Bateman's principle; Sexual strategies; Sexual selection; The Trivers-Willard hypothesis; Do animals commit the Concorde fallacy?
Early work; Context-dependent, Prior association; Phenotype matching; recognition allele; A module for recognition? General object recognition.
- Human application of evolutionary theory.
Hunter-gatherer hypothesis; Waist-Hip ratio; Incest avoidance; Cheat detection; Landscape hypothesis; Sign stimuli in humans?: The baby schema.
- Criticisms of evolutionary applications to behaviour.
Pan adaptationism; Genetic determinism; Reductionism; Untestable hypotheses? Native cultures; Politics of criticisms - Biology as ideology, the social construction of biological knowledge.
Classical cognitive psychology in animals (e.g. Memory, attention, cognitive maps, problem-solving); Self awareness; consciousness; deception; metaknowledge; Theory of Mind; Culture.