Data Collection, Analysis and Interpretation
Health and Social Care (School of)
Postgraduate: Level 7
Tuesday 11 October 2022
Tuesday 28 February 2023
24 November 2022
Requisites for this module
DIP B906MO Health Care Practice,
MSC B906MO Advanced Clinical Practice,
MSC B90536 Professional Practice (Health Care),
MSC B9B7MO Advanced Clinical Practitioner Apprenticeship,
MSC L43912 Global Public Health,
DOCTB90460 Health Care Education,
DOCTB90060 Health Service Management,
DOCTB93060 Occupational Therapy,
DOCTB71260 Public Health (Health Visiting),
DOCTL59260 Social Care Education,
DOCTL59060 Social Services Management,
DOCTB62060 Speech and Language Therapy
Evidence based practice is an essential component of responsive and responsible health policy, strategy, leadership, service provision and coordination of action for health. To scrutinise the knowledge that informs and guides practice, the practitioner needs to be research-literate. This module explores the different ways in which data can be collected, analysed and interpreted so that students become more confident in carrying out these activities themselves, as well as increasing their ability to critique the research carried out by others.
In particular, students will be able to reflect on the most suitable research methods for their particular research question, understanding that the data collected has implications for the analysis that can be carried out and the types of question that can be answered.
This module aims to provide students with a range of techniques for collecting, analysing and interpreting data. It combines a theoretical with a practical approach to enable students to fully understand the collection and analysis process so that they are able to make informed decisions when designing and carrying out research.
On completing this module a student will be able to:
1) Debate the use of particular research methods in response to specific research questions
2) Design and develop data collection instruments and critically reflect on their value and suitably
3) Identify and debate the ethical implications of research
4) Explain and carry out a range of data analysis using appropriate computer software
5) Interpret the findings of statistical and qualitative analysis and relate this to their field.
This module takes place over ten weeks with a two or three hour class each week. Students are first introduced to the difference between quantitative and qualitative research, how they differ and how they complement each other. Sessions 2 -5 then focus on quantitative methods including research design, the importance of research ethics and the design of questionnaires. Sessions 3-5 are in a computer lab during which a range of descriptive and inferential data analysis techniques are introduced using SPSS. In sessions 6-9 approaches to qualitative data collection and analysis are explored, including a computer lab class which introduces the use of NVivo as an example of qualitative data analysis software. The final week introduces the concept of mixed methods research and its relevance in public health research.
The module uses lectures and computer lab sessions supported by Moodle. Moodle hosts extra readings, copies of slides, and other material. The assessment task includes piloting your own material which should be developed for formative assessment. Tutorials are scheduled to complement this process.
King, G., Keohane, R.O. and Verba, S. (1994) Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research
. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Available at: https://essex.alma.exlibrisgroup.com/view/action/uresolver.do?operation=resolveService&package_service_id=2211654660007346&institutionId=7346&customerId=7345
D. L. Morgan (1998) ‘Practical Strategies for Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Methods: Applications to Health Research’, Qualitative Health Research, 8(3), pp. 362–376.
Altman, D.G. and Bland, J.M. (no date) ‘STATISTICS NOTES: Parametric v non-parametric methods for data analysis’, BMJ: British Medical Journal
, 339(7713). Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/25672138
Colin R. Martin and David R. Thompson (2000) Design and analysis of clinical nursing research studies
. London: Routledge. Available at: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203134986
Kathy Charmaz (2004) ‘Premises, Principles, and Practices in Qualitative Research: Revisiting the Foundations’, Qualitative Health Research
, 14(7), pp. 976–993. Available at: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1049732304266795
Abbas Tashakkori and Charles Teddlie (no date) ‘Emerging Trends in the Utilization of Integrated Designs in the Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences’, in Sage handbook of mixed methods in social & behavioral research
. 2nd ed. Los Angeles, Calif: SAGE Publications, pp. 581–612. Available at: https://0-dx-doi-org.serlib0.essex.ac.uk/10.4135/9781506335193.n23
Mary De Chesnay (ed.) (2015) Nursing research using grounded theory: qualitative designs and methods in nursing
. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company, LLC. Available at: https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/universityofessex-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1747048
The above list is indicative of the essential reading for the course.
The library makes provision for all reading list items, with digital provision where possible, and these resources are shared between students.
Further reading can be obtained from this module's reading list
Assessment items, weightings and deadlines
|Coursework / exam
||3,000 word assignment
||3,000 word assignment Resubmission (CPD)
|| 3,000 word assignment Resubmission (CPD)
Exam format definitions
- Remote, open book: Your exam will take place remotely via an online learning platform. You may refer to any physical or electronic materials during the exam.
- In-person, open book: Your exam will take place on campus under invigilation. You may refer to any physical materials such as paper study notes or a textbook during the exam. Electronic devices may not be used in the exam.
- In-person, open book (restricted): The exam will take place on campus under invigilation. You may refer only to specific physical materials such as a named textbook during the exam. Permitted materials will be specified by your department. Electronic devices may not be used in the exam.
- In-person, closed book: The exam will take place on campus under invigilation. You may not refer to any physical materials or electronic devices during the exam. There may be times when a paper dictionary,
for example, may be permitted in an otherwise closed book exam. Any exceptions will be specified by your department.
Your department will provide further guidance before your exams.
Module supervisor and teaching staff
Dr ZhiMin Xiao, email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Student Administrator: David Bidwell
GPH Student administrator: Jakub Kulesza
Dr Nicola Clarke
Birmingham City University
Senior Lecturer/Professional Navigator/Academic Advisor/Seda Accredited Doctoral
Dr Elaine Lehane
University College Cork
Available via Moodle
Of 39 hours, 33 (84.6%) hours available to students:
3 hours not recorded due to service coverage or fault;
3 hours not recorded due to opt-out by lecturer(s), module, or event type.
Disclaimer: The University makes every effort to ensure that this information on its Module Directory is accurate and up-to-date. Exceptionally it can
be necessary to make changes, for example to programmes, modules, facilities or fees. Examples of such reasons might include a change of law or regulatory requirements,
industrial action, lack of demand, departure of key personnel, change in government policy, or withdrawal/reduction of funding. Changes to modules may for example consist
of variations to the content and method of delivery or assessment of modules and other services, to discontinue modules and other services and to merge or combine modules.
The University will endeavour to keep such changes to a minimum, and will also keep students informed appropriately by updating our programme specifications and module directory.
The full Procedures, Rules and Regulations of the University governing how it operates are set out in the Charter, Statutes and Ordinances and in the University Regulations, Policy and Procedures.